Colonel Edward Antill 4th Gen|
+ Charlotte Riverin
Lt. Colonel Edward Antill
(11 Apr 1742, Piscataqua, NJ)
(21 May 1789, St. John's, near Montreal, Canada)
+ Charlotte Riverin 4 May 1767
(3 Sep 1785, NY)
Mary Antill (14 Jan 1771) also
Isabella Graham Antill (6 Mar 1768)
[married William Hall]
Charlotte Antill (2 Sep 1769)
Julia Antill (29 Mar 1772)
[died aged 15 in Quebec]
Euphemia Antill (5 Jul 1773)
[died aged 2 weeks]
Edward Antill (28 May 1775)
Amelia Antill (15 May 1777)
[died aged 6 months]
John Antill (15 Dec 1779)
[died aged 2 years]
Harriet Antill (12 Sep 1780)
Louisa Antill (2 Dec 1782)
[died aged 1 month]
Frances Antill (4 May 1785)
New Jersey Archives
Edward had been in Canada ten years when the Revolution began, and being in Quebec in the Fall of 1775,
when that city was besieged by the American troops, he refused to respond to the call of the
governor of the city to take up arms in its defence; and was sent out to the American lines,
and gladly assigned to duty at once as chief engineer of the army, by General Montgomery.
He was with that gallant officer when he fell, and was dispatched by General Wooster to
relate the particulars to General Schuyler and the Continental Congress.
Edward Antill to Aaron Burr.
La La Chine, 5th January, 1776.
I have desired Mr. Price to deliver you my pistols, which you will
keep until I see you. They are relics from my father's family, and
therefore I cannot give them to you. The general (Wooster) has thought
proper to send me to the Congress, where I shall have an opportunity
of speaking of you as you deserve.
He was commissioned
Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Hazen's regiment, and in May, 1776, was assigned by
General Arnold to duty as Adjutant-General of the American army in
Canada. In the following December he was sent on a recruiting tour through New Jersey
and the Southern States, with the approbation of General Washington, and Congress voted him
$2,000 for his expenses.
John Antill joined the British, and became a Major in the New Jersey Volunteers.
On one occasion Edward was taken prisoner, and was confined on a prison ship.
Happily for him, John was sent to examine the prisoners, and the first person he saw was his own brother,
whose release he soon affected. In 1780 John was dismissed the service for embezzlement,
but four months later was restored to the command of his battalion. At the close of the war
John was obliged to go to Canada, where he was living in 1796.
He married (1772) Margaret, daughter of Alexander Colden, son of Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden,
and after her death married her sister Jane.
SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI
Born on the 11th April, 1742, at Piscataway, N.J. Died at St. Johns, Canada, in 1787.
He graduated at King's College, New York, in the CLass of 1762. Was a member of a prominent family of New Jersey.
In 1766 he settled in Quebec as a lawyer, where he married Charlotte Riverin. When General Montgomery appeared before Quebec
in December, 1775, he left that city, and joining him, influenced him to change his plan of attack.
He became his Chief-Engineer, constructing field works of ice, where earth was inaccessible, and was
present with him when he fell. When leaving the camp at Lachine on the 5th of January, five days afterwards,
he wrote to Colonel Burr:
In 1776, when Congress formed the 2d Canadian Regiment mainly of exiles, Colonel Moses Hazen, a British half-pay officer
in easy circumstances, residing at St. Johns, and who had already cast his fortunes with Montgomery,
and followed the remainder of the American forces over the frontier, was chosen its Colonel,
and Edward Antill Lieutenant-Colonel. It was even then a strong regiment - seven hundred and
twenty men - but Congress appears to have valued it in ordering it to be it to be recruited in
any of the States to four battalions of five companies each, with four Majors and other officers in proportion.
Sixteen companies, however, appear to have been the fullest complement of what was known as
"Congress' Own," It had evacuated Canada, under General Sullivan, and therefore continued in his
Brigade, which served with the main army at Trenton and Princeton, and later, in protecting
the lines at Morristown. On the 8th of January, 1777, General Washington wrote him from his headquarters
there a letter suggestive of coming action:
"Call upon all your officere who are upon recruiting service to exert themselves as much as possible in
filling their companies and sending their recruits forward to some general place of rendezvous, that they
may be armed, equipped and got into service, with as much expedition as possible. As you and Colonel Hazien
had the nomination of your own officers by virtue of your commissions, I shall have no objection to
any gentleman of good charscter whom you may think fit to appoint,"
On the 24th of February following, Richard Peters, Secretary of War, urges, in a letter, upon Colonel Antill,
then commanding the regiment, the necessity, from impending events, of promptness in hurrying his companies
forward to unite in meeting the enemy.
In complying, the regiment was soon actively engaged under Sullivan, and when he attacked the
rear of Howe's army on Staten Island — consisting of three thousand British and loyalists —
with eight hundred men, on the 22d of June, after partial success succumbed to the vigorous
resistance, he became a prisoner, thereby losing his opportunity of being present at
Brandywine, Germantown, and in much important service with his regiment.
He was not exchanged until November 10th, 1780, and only then through
the influence of his brother. Major John Antill, who, differing in sentiment,
adhered to the Crown,
Rejoining his regiment at Flshkill, he soon afterwards assisted in beating up
the quarters of Colonel James de Lancey at Morrisania, for which he earned the
thanks of Washington, in general orders.
In August he marched to Philadelphia, joining Colonel Olney's Rhode
Islanders, and proceeding by the Chesapeake and James River to Yorktown
and the surrender of Cornwallis.
Although he had asked Congress to be relieved from service in an earlier
period of inactivity, he continued therein until the disbanding of his regiment in November, 1783.
Not found on the Half-Pay Roll, he appears on the Balloting Book of New
York in the list of Canadian and Nova Scotia refugees, who had united
with the Americans, to whom lands were granted by the State under the direction of its
The following letter, preserved among the Society's archives, is of interest:
COLDENHAM, July 7th, 1783,
My Dear Friend, 6 o'clock.
Retired from the din of arms and a military life clothed with laurels, and the thanks of a
most grateful country, all my pay and arrears of pay paid up to this day in solid gold, and a
pension of half pay for Life, I now amuse myself with my Dog and my Gun. I send the bearer
on a little business to General Knox, and at the same time after enquiring after the health of
your good little woman, in which Mrs. Antill joins me, I beg the favor of you to fill my powder
horn with the best powder you have. If the U.S. insists upon it, I will deduct it out of the
Guineas I received from them when we were disbanded.
Compliments to your good Family and all Friends.
Major S. Bauman
West Point— per Express.
His wife resided in New York during the war, died there on the 3d of
September, 1785, and was buried in St. Paul's Churchyard. Colonel Antill
returned to his old home at St. Johns, and also died soon after. His eldest
daughter, Mannette, married Colonel Garrit G. Lansing, of Albany, and his
youngest, Frances, became the wife of Arthur Tappan, Esq.
It will be seen by "Whiting's Revolutionary Orders of Washington" that his
useful life was not free from one of those Courts of Inquiry that attend such
men as venture upon authority, and that after an impartial investigation he
was honorably acquitted.
He subscribed his name to the Institution of the Cincinnati with the officers
of his regiment on the Parchment Roll, with Washington at its head, now in
the possession of the General Society.
Edward Antill, (1742-89), a graduate of Columbia College, volunteered 1775, under Montgomery and was
appointed chief engineer. In 1776 he was lieutenant colonel of Hazen's regiment, "Congress Own" was captured
on Long Island and not exchanged until 1780.
Charlotte Antill to the President of Congress
I have the honor of addressing myself to your Excellency to pray you to grant permission to me
and my children to go to my husband now a prisoner of war at New York. I flatter myself that the zeal with which
he hath always served the United States of America and the sacrifices which he & I have made in their cause ought to
scatter all suspicion injurious to his honor, and that his Fidelity will merit for me this Favor from your Excellency &
the honorable Congress.
I am with respect
Your very humble servant
While a paroled prisoner of war at Flat Bush, Long Island, Edward Antill wrote or copied a group of
[Historical Society of PA, Group 9].
Subjects include "The principles of geology and astronomy," "elements of chronology," "elements of all the syllables within the English language," "a table of the sun's declination from 1764 to 1795," and a table showing the number of miles to each degree of longitude and latitude.
He commanded Hazen's regiment at Yorktown, and served until peace
was declared. He was born in Piscataqua, N. J.; died in St. Johns, Canada.
Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New Jersey Vol XXIV
New-York, May 30. On Tuesday last Week our Annual Commencement was held at Trinity Church, in
this City. . . . . After Prayers and a Latin Oration by the Rev. Mr. Myles Cooper, President of the College,
Orations were delivered by Mr. Benson and Mr. Schuyler (Son of Col. John Schuyler, of the Jersies) in
Latin, and by Mr. Livingston, (Son of Judge Livingston) and Mr. Antell in English. . . . .
After the Exercise, the President conferr'd the Degree of Bachelor of Arts upon Messrs. Lloyd, Benson,
Schuyler, Grant and Livingston. And the Degree of Master of Arts, upon the Rev. Mr. Leaming, the Rev.
Mr. Hanna, Mr. Antell, Mr. Cuyler and Mr. Leslie.
Edward Antill, born at Piscataqua, N. J., April 11, 1742, son of
Edward Antill, 2d, and Anne Morris, daughter of Gov. Lewis Morris.
He was graduated from King's College in 1762, and was admitted to the
New York bar, but removed to Quebec; at the beginning of the Revolution
he took sides with the Americans, and was commissioned as a
Lieutenant Colonel, serving until 1783. He was licensed as an Attorney
in New Jersey in 1783, and had an office in New York. He died at St.
John, near Montreal, May 21, 1789. See "Edward Antill, a New York
Merchant of the seventeeth century, and his descendants," by William
Timothy and Rhoda Ogden Edwards
CHILDREN OF WILLIAM W. EDWARDS AND HELEN ANN MANN.
Colonel Edward Antill, of New York and Charlotte Riverain, of Montreal. Lt. Colonel Antill was with General
Montgomery, as his Chief Engineer, in the attack on Quebec, 1775; appointed by General Benedict Arnold
Adjutant General of the American Army in Canada, 1776; was the intimate friend of General Alexander
Hamilton, who became godfather, and, later, guardian to his infant daughter, Frances, afterwards the
wife of Arthur Tappan.