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PAGE 162

verses of ane psalm sung, and ane short prayer, some portion of Scripture was read and spoke upon, only so long as ane half hour glass ran, and then closed with prayer. The whole paroch was within the bounds of the litle toune, the people was1 very tractable and respectfull, and no doubt, had I taken pains, and behaved as I ought to have done, more fruit would have followed among them. I was sometimes well satisfied and refreshed, being with some of them on their death-bed.

I was sent out by the Presbytery in the year 1640, to goe with the Earle of Cassills' regiment, when our army went to Newcastle. The army lay some weeks at Chouslywood, a myle or two from Dunce, till the rest of the army came up. I had there ane little trench tent and ane bed lying2 between two leaguer chists, and having lyen severall nights with my cloathes on, and being wearied with want of sleep, I did one night ly with my cloathes off. That night was very cold, and while I sleeped, all the cloathes went off me, so that in the morning I was not able to stirr any part of my body, and I had much adoe, with the help of my man and my baggadge man, to get on my cloathes. I caused them to put me on my horse, and went to Dunce, and lay doun on ane bed, and caused them to give me [in]to the bed ane big tinn stoup full of hot water, whereby ane sweat was procured, so that before night I was able to rise and put on my own cloathes.

When the whole army was come up, it was found that there was want of pouder and of bread, the bisket being spoiled, and of cloath to be tents3 to the souldiers. This produced some fears that the expedition might be delayed for that year. One day when the Committee of Estates, generall officers, and some ministers, were met in the Castle of Dunce, and were at prayer, and consulting what to doe, ane officer of the guard came and knocks rudely at the door of the room where we were, and told there was treachery discovered; for he going to ane big cellar at the bottom of the house seeking for some other thing, had found ane great


1    "Were."

2    "Hung."

3    "Huts."

PAGE 163

many barrells of pouder, which he apprehended was intended to blow us all up. After search, it was found that that pouder had been laid in there the year before when the army departed from Dunce Law, after the pacification, and had been forgotten. Therefore, having found pouder, the Earle of Rothes, the Lord Loudon, Mr Alexander Hendersone, and Mr Archibald Johnstone, were sent to Edinburgh, and in ane few dayes brought us as much meal and cloath for tents to the souldiers, by the gift of well-affected people there, as sufficed for the whole army.

The 20 of August 1640, the army marched [in]to England, and eight dayes thereafter, after some little opposition made by the English army, passed Tyn at Newburn, and had Newcastle rendered to them, and after new petitions to the king, followed the treaty at Rippon, and thereafter the calling of the Parliament of England in November following, where the large treatie was concluded. It was laid upon me by the Presbytery of the army, to draw up ane narrative of what had happened in that skirmish when we passed at Newburn, which I did in a paper out of what I saw or heard from others, by the help of the Lieutenant-Generall. It was very refreshfull to remark, that after we came to ane quarter at night, there was nothing almost to be heard throughout the whole army but singing of psalms, prayer, and reading of Scripture, by the souldiers in their severall hutts, and as I was informed there was large more of that sort the year before when the army lay at Dunce Law. And, indeed, in all our meetings and consultings, both within doors and in the fields, alwayes the nearer the beginning, there was more dependence on God, and more tenderness in worship and in walking, but through proces of time we still declined more and more. That day we came to Newburn, the Generall and some others stepped aside to Haddon on the Wall, where old Mrs Fenwick came out and met us, and burst out, saying, And is it so that Jesus Christ will not come to England for reforming of abuses, but with ane army of 22,000 men at his back?

In November 1640, I returned back to Stranrawer. All the


Rev. John Livingston,
great-great grandfather of Henry Livingston

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